The application of information theory for the research of aging and aging-related diseases

This article reviews the application of information-theoretical analysis, employing measures of entropy and mutual information, for the study of aging and aging-related diseases. The research of aging and aging-related diseases is particularly suitable for the application of information theory methods, as aging processes and related diseases are multi-parametric, with continuous parameters coexisting alongside discrete parameters, and with the relations between the parameters being as a rule non-linear. Information theory provides unique analytical capabilities for the solution of such problems, with unique advantages over common linear biostatistics. Among the age-related diseases, information theory has been used in the study of neurodegenerative diseases (particularly using EEG time series for diagnosis and prediction), cancer (particularly for establishing individual and combined cancer biomarkers), diabetes (mainly utilizing mutual information to characterize the diseased and aging states), and heart disease (mainly for the analysis of heart rate variability). Few works have employed information theory for the analysis of general aging processes and frailty, as underlying determinants and possible early preclinical diagnostic measures for aging-related diseases. Generally, the use of information-theoretical analysis permits not only establishing the (non-linear) correlations between diagnostic or therapeutic parameters of interest, but may also provide a theoretical insight into the nature of aging and related diseases by establishing the measures of variability, adaptation, regulation or homeostasis, within a system of interest. It may be hoped that the increased use of such measures in research may considerably increase diagnostic and therapeutic capabilities and the fundamental theoretical mathematical understanding of aging and disease.

David Blokh, Ilia Stambler, “The application of information theory for the research of aging and aging-related diseases,” Progress in NeurobiologyS0301-0082(15)30059-9, 2016, doi:


Longevity Promotion: Multidisciplinary Perspectives

A History of Life-Extensionism in the Twentieth Century


Longevity Advocacy

The Tasks of Longevity Promotion: Science, Ethics and Public Policy - Potential presentation topics on longevity research

Position Paper: The Critical Need to Promote Research of Aging. Aging and Disease, 2015

The pursuit of longevity - The bringer of peace to the Middle East. Current Aging Science, 6, 25-31, 2014

Recognizing degenerative aging as a treatable medical condition: methodology and policy. Aging and Disease, 2017

Frequently Asked Questions on the Ethics of Lifespan and Healthspan Extension

Longevity Science

The application of information theory for the research of aging and aging-related diseases. Progress in Neurobiology, 2016

The use of information theory for the evaluation of biomarkers of aging and physiological age. Mechanisms of Ageing and Development, 2017

Hyperbaric oxygenation for resuscitation and therapy of elderly patients with cerebral and cardio-respiratory dysfunction. Frontiers In Bioscience, 2017

Estimation of Heterogeneity in Diagnostic Parameters of Age-related Diseases. Aging and Disease, 5, 218-225, 2014.

Information theoretical analysis of aging as a risk factor for heart disease. Aging and Disease, 6, 196-207, 2015

Applying information theory analysis for the solution of biomedical data processing problems. American Journal of Bioinformatics, 3 (1), 17-29, 2015

Stop Aging Disease! ICAD 2014. Aging and Disease, 6 (2), 76-94, 2015

The Historical Evolution of Evolutionary Theories of Aging

Potential Interventions to Ameliorate Degenerative Aging

Longevity History

Introduction to "A History of Life-Extensionism in the Twentieth Century"

Life-extensionism as a pursuit of constancy

Has aging ever been considered healthy? Frontiers in Genetics. Genetics of Aging, 6, 00202, 2015

The Legacy of Elie Metchnikoff

Longevity and the Jewish Tradition

Longevity and the Indian Tradition

Longevity in the Ancient Middle East and the Islamic Tradition

Longevity and the Christian Tradition

Life extension - a conservative enterprise? Some fin-de-siecle and early twentieth-century precursors of transhumanism. Journal of Evolution and Technology, 21, 13-26, 2010

The unexpected outcomes of anti-aging, rejuvenation and life extension studies: an origin of modern therapies. Rejuvenation Research, 17, 297-305, 2014

Heroism and Heroic Death in Nineteenth Century Literature

Reductionism and Holism in the History of Aging and Longevity Research: Does the Whole have Parts?

Aristotle on Life and Long Life